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Hromadske Radio (Ukrainian for "Public Radio") is a Ukrainian non-governmental and nonprofit media organization, which aims to create an independent radio broadcasting in Ukraine. Its predecessor, also called Hromadske Radio, was created in 2002 by journalist Olexander Kryvenko (1963-2003). Despite the popularity of the website, the project was closed in 2005, as it failed to receive a government license for broadcasting. Hromadske Radio was considered as one of the first independent and objective platforms in Ukraine, where representatives of different political forces can share their opinions without censorship.
In 2013 a new initiative group of professional journalists recreated Hromadske Radio with the same name and the same goals. Hromadske Radio was started as a podcast-project and transformed into a web-radio. In July 2015 Hromadske Radio won the competition of the National Council on Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine, giving the station an ability to broadcast in some cities in Donetsk and Luhansk regions and in Kyiv.
History of the project[edit | edit source]
Big part of the radio content (talk shows, programs, news) was spread on the Internet as podcasts. From autumn 2004 to February 2005 Hromadske Radio broadcast for 1 hour per week in Kyiv and regional centers using the transmitters of Radio Era FM.
In February 2005 Hromadske Radio closed the project because of the lack of funding. The website of the first Hromadske Radio radio.org.ua is still workings in memory of Olexander Kryvenko.
Team[edit | edit source]
Among the journalists who worked at Hromadske Radio in 2002-2005 were: Olexander Kryvenko, Sergiy Rakhmanin, Roman Skrypin, Zurab Alasania, Danylo Yanevsky, Mykola Veresen, Roman Vybranovskyy, Dmytro Krykun, Olexander Chernenko, Taras Kuzmov, Myhaylo Shamanov, Natalia Riaba, Maria Vasilyeva, Ihor Soldatenko, Eugene Hlibovytsky, Angela Rudenko, Myhaylo Barbara, Olga Pyrozhko, Dmytro Drabyk and Natalia Ivchenko.
New Hromadske Radio[edit | edit source]
The new online project of Hromadske Radio was announced in July 2013. On August 21 of 2013 some members of the initiative group launched the first podcast, where they explained why they decided to re-organize Hromadske Radio. The first broadcast was on December 1, 2013 at the waves of Europa Plus Ukraine. In this program journalists Julia Burkovska, Denis Kubryak and Andriy Kulykov led the marathon "Euromaidan on-line".
In 2013 Olexander Buzyuk was a Chairman of Hromadske Radio. On 14 September 2015 he was replaced by Andriy Kulykov.
The project currently uses the logo of the first Hromadske Radio with the permission of the International Fund ‘Renaissance’, which is the main donor of the project. Hromadske Radio also uses a part of the equipment, which remained after the first project of Hromadske Radio. 
Broadcasting[edit | edit source]
On 1 December 2013 року Hromadske Radio started broadcasting on the waves of Europa Plus Україна. The first air was launched to the Euromaidan events in Kyiv.
Since February 2014 Hromadske Radio broadcasts daily two-hour talk shows "Hromadska Hvylia" ("Civic wave"). Originally, the program was broadcast on the waves of the First Ukrainian radio channel.
At the end of 2014 Hromadske Radio started producing news (called The Chronicles of Donbass). These news are broadcast for residents of the eastern regions of Ukraine on the waves of partner's radio stations and later on the own frequencies of Hromadske Radio.
After winning in July 2015 at the competition of the National Council on Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine, Hromadske Radio has been able to broadcast in some cities in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions and in Kyiv.
On 1 November, Hromadske Radio presented two new daily talk shows called Kiev-Donbass. Programs are created for residents of Donetsk and Luhansk regions and IDPs. The editors of these programs became experienced journalists Mykhaylo Kukin and Tetyana Troschynska. Two-hour talk shows in Russian are aimed to cover the most relevant events in Donetsk and Luhansk, and are addressed to everyone who wants to know more about the situation in the east of Ukraine. Hromadske Radio broadcasts 24 hours per day, five hours of which are broadcast in Russian. During November and December 2015, Hromadske Radio was launched in Donetsk and Luhansk regions. Namely, in Kramatorsk — 103, 2 MHz, Krasnoarmiysk — 99,6 MHz, Volnovakha — 103, 8 MHz and 66,05 VHF, Starobilsk — 90.2 MHz, Bilovodsk — 92.6 MHz, Bilolutsk — 100.0 MHz, Zorynivka — 103.7 MHz, Shyroke —101.8 MHz.
Web-radio[edit | edit source]
Hromadske Radio also works as a web-radio and creates podcasts in different languages (Ukrainian, Russian, English, French, Polish). More than 500,000 people have listened to Hromadske Radio on Soundcloud since August 2013. Most of listeners of Hromadske Radio are from Ukraine, Russia, USA, Canada, Germany, Italy and Poland.
Funding[edit | edit source]
Estimated budget for 2014 was UAH 2,000,000, the final budget was UAH 2,300,000. The main source of funding Hromadske Radio is donations from institutions and private donations. Some programs are created by the financial support of international organizations and foundations from Europe and the USA. Donors who donate to Hromadske Radio share their ideology and editorial principles, thus they guarantee interference in editorial policy of the radio. Every year Hromadske Radio reports about their expenses to the Audit Committee and publishes relevant information on its website.
Besides, Hromadske Radio raises money via crowdfunding platforms. During the last crowdfunding campaigns, Hromadske Radio raised over UAH 100,000 with the platform Big Idea. These money helped Hromadske Radio to create 36 podcasts about art, culture and self-development. At the beginning of 2014, Hromadske Radio raised over $17,000 on Indiegogo. It allowed Hromadske Radio to rent the studio and special equipment.
Locations of broadcasting[edit | edit source]
- Kiev - 70,4 VHF
- Kramatorsk - 103,2 FM
- Pokrovsk- 99,6 FM
- Volnovakha - 103,8 FM and 66,05 VHF
- Starobilsk - 90,2 FM
- Bilovodsk- 92,6 FM
- Bilolutsk - 100,0 FM
- Zorynivka - 103,7 FM
- Shyroke- 101,8 FM
References[edit | edit source]
- Вікторія Сюмар. Закривається Громадське радіо. Яке брав під патронат Ющенко… // Українська правда, 18.02.2005.
- Громадське радіо (2002-05) — Громадське радіо (2013).
- Навіщо — Громадське радіо (2013).
- Про нас Archived 2014-04-25 at the Wayback Machine. — Громадське радіо (2002–2005).
- ""Громадське радіо" мовить на вісьмох частотах на Донбасі і в Києві / Громадське радіо". Hromadskeradio.org (in Ukrainian). 2015-11-26. Retrieved 2016-01-11.